It is one thing to have a throbbing headache and a completely different ball game when it culminates into a migraine. It makes the affected person practically unable to perform the most mundane of them tasks done on a daily basis — much less concentrate on anything. Such is the severity of this untreatable illness that it may require immediate intervention. In order to treat the illness, it is important to understand migraine and its triggers.
It can be described as the pulsating pain that is focused on one side of the head. It typically originates from the eye and travels back down to the pit of the skull. It is not fully ascertained how migraine occurs but some studies have linked decrease of serotonin levels to be responsible for the pulsating headaches. Serotonin is known to regulate pain in the nervous system.
Some of the common symptoms associated with migraines are as follows:
- Black out
- Pulsating pain on one side of the head.
- Sensitivity to light
- Sensitivity to smell
It may even progress to affect the vision under certain cases if treatment is not administered.
Luckily, there are various over the counter medicines available to address the symptoms and provide some level of relief. Those who have regular bouts of migraine have come to a certain level of understanding when it comes to the triggers of this condition. Hence, it is better to know and avoid things that trigger the attack.
There are two approaches for treating it.
- Treatment before it occurs.
- Treatment at the onset of the symptoms.
Treatment Before The Migraine Occurs
If you have two or more occurrences of migraine within a month, you may want to consider employing a strategy that may prevent the regular cycle of attacks.
These medications generally fall into 3 categories:
- High blood pressure medication
- Seizure medications.
Before you decide on the type of medication to address your migraine issues, an in-depth consultation with the doctor is imperative. This will help you understand which option suits and aptly addresses the need.
Treatment At The Onset of Migraine
Here are some of the methods that are used to control the severity of migraine.
Painkillers / Analgesics
Due to the proliferation of migraine amongst the US population with about 30 million people suffering from migraines alone in the US, medical stores have quite a few options to address the condition through over the counter non-prescription drugs.
Some analgesic drugs such as Excedrin, might even have a minute amount of caffeine in the combination, rendering the pain to have worse outcomes rather than treating. This can happen if your migraines react negatively to caffeine.
Other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication include ibuprofen, Aleve ( Naproxen ), and Tylenol ( Acetaminophen ) may be helpful in relieving migraine symptoms.
These are the most commonly used medication to treat mild to severe migraines . It works by relieving the pain by increasing the level of serotonins. Serotonin greatly helps towards reducing inflammation around the nerves of the brain and the surrounding blood vessels. Triptans are prescription drugs, hence, consult your doctor before using it.
Ergotamine has been replaced by Triptons as the drug of choice but some of the variations such as dihydro ergotamine ( via nasal spray or intravenous treatment ) still remain as an alternate drug if the headache persists and refuses to respond to other medications.
Alternate Therapies to Treat Migraine
If you are looking into addressing the episodes of migraine without the use of medication, some of the alternate therapies are also known to have great effect in prevention.
Some of these alternate therapies involve altering the lifestyle.
Various techniques to relax are used in order to prevent situations that trigger migraines. Some of these techniques include Yoga, meditation, exercise.