Sometimes, a cramp or a general discomfort in the stomach area can be inevitable. It could be caused by a bad oyster that we ate or a spoiled drink that we accidentally drank. More often than not, we tend to ignore these episodes as well, thinking that it’ll ease out immediately. However, such instances should be taken seriously and with great caution as it could possibly lead to something far more complicated than what we can handle and ignore.
Here’s a definitive guide to nine of the most common digestive problems that humans encounter. It’s best to get acquainted with the nature of such conditions so that we can at least have basic knowledge as to what takes place and how it could possibly affect us.
What is it: In a nutshell, a heartburn is a burning sensation that one experiences usually during meals when you had a little too much to eat. This happens when the stomach is unable to function properly, allowing acid to flow up the esophagus when it should not be the case. Heartburns are not that dangerous but repeated and consistent instances of such may require medical intervention (to be discussed later)
How to get rid of it: Some of the best solutions to heartburns have something to do with your eating pace. As much as possible, eat slowly and in small portions. Baking soda dissolved in water, aloe vera juice, and apple cider vinegar are also quick remedies that can try.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
What is it: When heartburns tend to occur at a repeatedly regular rate, it could possibly be a manifestation of GERD. Too much acid production in the stomach that affects the regular rhythm of digestion can lead to GERD.
How to get rid of it: GERD is a far more serious condition than heartburns so it may require medication or at the most, surgical operations.
What is it: Celiac disease has something to do with the food that we eat, particularly those that contain gluten. People who are sensitive to gluten-rich food like wheat and barley are most likely to be attacked by this condition. In Celiac disease, the villi, found in your small intestine are damaged which then hampers the absorption of nutrients from the food you eat.
How to get rid of it: The best way to deal with celiac disease is through a gluten-free diet. This may cause a lot of restrictions because a lot of our food contains gluten. There are a lot of emerging medical companies that have been developing remedies against celiac disease but these may need consultations from your physician.
What is it: Ulcerative colitis affects your large intestines or colon. An inflammation develops in the lining of your colon which then leads to side effects such as diarrhea, cramps, and even blood in your stool.
How to get rid of it: Treatment for ulcerative colitis may involve medication and a change in your dietary requirements. If matters get worse, invasive surgical procedures may be necessary to address the issue.
What is it: Gallstones are small mass deposits that form inside your gallbladder. When left untreated, gallstones tend to block the bile duct that connects your gallbladder to your small intestine which results to a sharp pain felt in your abdomen.
How to get rid of it: Currently, there are medications that can be taken to help dissolve gallstones. However, if such remedies do not work, an operation that may involve the removal of the gallbladder can be deemed necessary.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
What is it: In Irritable Bowel Syndrome or IBS, the activities in your digestive tract become very unstable, hence the term “irritable”. If the texture of your stool changes from hard to soft on a daily basis, or if you usually feel cramps on your stomach, then you might be experiencing IBS.
How to get rid of it: Treatments for IBS vary because the main cause of the condition is still at large to this date. However, the best way to deal with this is through a fiber-based diet and avoiding sweet, salty, and oily foods. Stress can also cause IBS so you might want to relax and slow down your schedule a little. If you think that you’re about to have an episode, consider eating yoghurt as its good bacteria can help treat the pain.
What is it: The term “diverticula” refers to protrusions that may appear in various organs in your body but in this case, we are pertaining to the diverticula found in your colon. During Diverticulitis, an inflammation forms around the diverticula which then manifests to internal bleeding and stomach pain.
How to get rid of it: It has been said that diverticulitis is linked to obesity, so a liquid-based diet may be necessary to help the colon heal. High-fiber diets are also encouraged to help treat and prevent this disease from recurring. If these do not work, removal of the infected area in your colon may be needed.
What is it: Hemorrhoids are common condition among Americans, particularly those in their 40s. This condition is primarily identified with the swelling or inflammation of the veins near your anus region. This is why blood discharges that come with your defecation can be a sign of hemorrhoids.
How to get rid of it: A high-fiber diet is still necessary to treat hemorrhoids. Patients are also encouraged to embrace a more active lifestyle and to increase fluid intake. There are also over-the-counter creams that you can buy at your drugstores to help suppress the pain brought by hemorrhoids temporarily. For more critical conditions, an operation called hemorrhoidectomy may be required.
What is it: Anal fissures refer to cracks or tears that propagate on your anus. The side effects of this condition are hugely similar to hemorrhoids and they are usually caused by irregular bowel movements.
How to get rid of it: To avoid anal fissures, it is important that your stool discharge is normalized. This can be done through eating foods rich in fiber. There are also topical creams that can be purchased to help ease your anal region, thus avoiding the fissures from recurring.
Your digestive tract is a very sensitive area in your body which is why it is important to be cautious of what we eat in order to avoid of those mentioned above. If you know any other treatments for these conditions, make sure to leave a comment and let’s discuss.